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Theoretical Cosmology and Elementary Particle Physics

The Theoretical Cosmology and Elementary Particle Physics group comprises researchers studying a diverse set of topics in particle physics, gravitational physics, and cosmology. This includes studying the dark energy and dark matter in the Universe, building new models of space and time, and predicting the behavior of fundamental particles in models of physics beyond the standard model. Some of the group’s research involves numerical simulation using some of the world’s largest supercomputers. This group is always looking for talented undergraduates to join them and participate in original research into the fundamental nature of the matter and forces that govern our universe. This group also brings their research into the classroom, teaching courses on modern topics in relativity, cosmology, and particle physics.

Cosmology

Cosmology is the study of the universe. Over the past decade, observational cosmology has provided us with an accurate, new and surprising description of the evolution of the universe. These data have highlighted existing issues and raised entirely new questions regarding the microphysical processes behind these macroscopic phenomena.

At Syracuse we are actively involved in research into most aspects of modern cosmology and its connections to particle physics. We are studying the earliest phenomena in the universe; inflation, the generation of density perturbations, the origin of dark matter, baryogenesis and the cosmic microwave background radiation. We are also deeply involved in investigating the origin of the recently observed acceleration of the universe.

For more detailed descriptions of our research interests, see the research page of Scott Watson.

Elementary Particle Physics

One of the great triumphs of twentieth century physics was the elucidation of the structure of matter and the forces that govern it. The language describing this subnuclear world is the language of quantum field theory. Field theory is central to understanding the extreme quantum and relativistic phenomena at this level of structure. Our improved understanding of field theory has also provided us with the tools to go beyond the standard model. Its interrelation with mathematical ideas from modern geometry and topology have broadened our horizons and led to physics beyond the Standard Model. Supersymmetry and string theory have deep and important roots in our modern understanding of field theory. Physicists at Syracuse are actively engaged in consolidating and extending our understanding of this level of structure in our world using quantum field theory and its modern developments.

For more detailed descriptions of our research interests, see the research pages of Dr. Jay Hubisz, Dr. Scott Watson, Dr. Simon Catterall, Dr. Joseph Schechter and Dr. Kameshwar Wali.

Lattice Field Theory

Lattice Field Theory Quantum field theory has proven a very successful theoretical framework for understanding the interactions of elementary particles. One very convenient formulation of such theories is given by the so-called path integral prescription originally due to Richard Feynman. Within this formalism one can compute the vacuum expectation values of arbitrary products of fields at different spacetime points by integrating them over a distribution given by the exponential of a function of the fields called the action.  For more information, please see the web page of Dr. Simon Catterall or contact Dr. John "Jack" Laiho.

Quantum Computing and Quantum Information Science

Recently there has been a surge of interest in problems that lie at the interface between fundamental physics and quantum information science. The last two decades have seen the development of the new field of quantum information science, which analyses how quantum systems may be used to store, transmit and process information. The field encompasses a broad swathe of science and engineering and is poised to revolutionize much of science and technology with the development of practical quantum computing.

Within the arena of theoretical physics, quantum computing offers the potential to calculate for the first time the properties of strongly interacting dense matter such as found in neutron stars or high temperature superconductors. Very recently there have also emerged surprising and deep connections between black holes, quantum gravity and quantum error correction.

One specific new idea  that has arisen in this context is the possibility of reformulating (lattice) quantum field theory as a tensor network. Tensor network formulations have the potential to avoid the notorious sign problem that plagues Monte Carlo methods of simulating quantum field theory and explicitly reveals connections  to holographic approaches to quantum gravity. Such approaches also can serve as the first step in a reformulation of QFTs suitable for quantum computation. Profs. Simon Catterall and Jay Hubisz are
pursuing research in this area.


Faculty

Scott 
                                            Bassler

Scott  Bassler 
Visiting teaching professor

Simon Catterall

Simon Catterall 
Professor of Physics and Department Associate Chair

Jay Hubisz

Jay Hubisz 
Associate Professor
Physics

John "Jack" Laiho

John "Jack" Laiho 
Associate Professor
Physics

Carl Rosenzweig

Carl Rosenzweig 
Professor Emeritus
Physics

Joseph Schechter

Joseph Schechter 
Professor Emeritus
Physics

Kameshwar 
                                            Wali

Kameshwar  Wali 
Emeritus, Theoretical Particle Physics

G. Scott Watson

G. Scott Watson 
Associate Professor
Physics

Postdocs and Graduate Students

Muhammad  
                                            Asaduzzaman

Muhammad   Asaduzzaman 
Graduate Student

Brandon 
                                            Melcher

Brandon  Melcher 
Graduate Student

Eva 
                                            Nesbit

Eva  Nesbit 
Graduate Student

Kenneth 
                                            Ratliff

Kenneth  Ratliff 
Graduate Student

Gabriele  
                                            Rigo

Gabriele   Rigo 
Graduate Student

Judah 
                                            Umuth-Yockey

Judah  Umuth-Yockey 
Post-doctoral researcher 
Lattice field theory, lattice gravity, quantum simulation